Monday, October 18, 2010

Abigail Woman of Wisdom


While David hid from the Murderous Saul in the wilderness, he came across and befriended some lowly shepherds. 
David had a special place in his heart for these men, because he, himself was a shepherd before joining King Saul's army. He instructed his men to keep watch over the sheepherders and let no harm come to them or their sheep. The shepherds in return shared their food and water with them and encouraged David to ask their master for provisions. David seeing this as the only obvious choice, sent his young men to the shepherd's master, Nabal.
1 Samuel 25:2-3 (KJV)
2 And there was a man in Maon, whose possessions were in Carmel; and the man was very great, and he had three thousand sheep, and a thousand goats: and he was shearing his sheep in Carmel.
3 Now the name of the man was Nabal; and the name of his wife Abigail: and she was a woman of good understanding, and of a beautiful countenance: but the man was churlish and evil in his doings; and he was of the house of Caleb. 

David was an honorable leader and his men trusted him completely, so when he sent them to speak with  Nabal they went without hesitation.

1 Samuel 25:4-11 (KJV)
4 And David heard in the wilderness that Nabal did shear his sheep.
5 And David sent out ten young men, and David said unto the young men, Get you up to Carmel, and go to Nabal, and greet him in my name:
6 And thus shall ye say to him that liveth in prosperity, Peace be both to thee, and peace be to thine house, and peace be unto all that thou hast.
7 And now I have heard that thou hast shearers: now thy shepherds which were with us, we hurt them not, neither was there ought missing unto them, all the while they were in Carmel.
8 Ask thy young men, and they will shew thee. Wherefore let the young men find favour in thine eyes: for we come in a good day: give, I pray thee, whatsoever cometh to thine hand unto thy servants, and to thy son David.
9 And when David's young men came, they spake to Nabal according to all those words in the name of David, and ceased.
10 And Nabal answered David's servants, and said, Who is David? and who is the son of Jesse? there be many servants now a days that break away every man from his master.
11 Shall I then take my bread, and my water, and my flesh that I have killed for my shearers, and give it unto men, whom I know not whence they be

Imagine, the hurt, anger and disappointment, that these ten young men felt at Nabal's ill treatment, hungry and  discouraged they returned to tell their leader David, what transpired. David was infuriated, How could this man whom he served and protected deny him the mere staples of life? It was too much, David demanded justice! Vowing to destroy Nabal and all his house David rallied his men and set out for Nabal's house.

Meanwhile a servant who had overheard what had happened with Nabal ran to Abigail his wife and told her all that had transpired. "Ma'am? Miss Abigail, the most terrible thing has happened!" Running to meet him Abigail may have thought "Oh Lord, what's my husband done now!?! She carefully listened to the messenger and then got quickly to work gathering provisions for David and his men.

1 Samuel 25:18-31 (KJV)
18 Then Abigail made haste, and took two hundred loaves, and two bottles of wine, and five sheep ready dressed, and five measures of parched corn, and an hundred clusters of raisins, and two hundred cakes of figs, and laid them on asses.
19 And she said unto her servants, Go on before me; behold, I come after you. But she told not her husband Nabal.
20 And it was so, as she rode on the ass, that she came down by the covert of the hill, and, behold, David and his men came down against her; and she met them.
21 Now David had said, Surely in vain have I kept all that this fellow hath in the wilderness, so that nothing was missed of all that pertained unto him: and he hath requited me evil for good.
22 So and more also do God unto the enemies of David, if I leave of all that pertain to him by the morning light any that pisseth against the wall.
23 And when Abigail saw David, she hasted, and lighted off the ass, and fell before David on her face, and bowed herself to the ground,
24 And fell at his feet, and said, Upon me, my lord, upon me let this iniquity be: and let thine handmaid, I pray thee, speak in thine audience, and hear the words of thine handmaid.
25 Let not my lord, I pray thee, regard this man of Belial, even Nabal: for as his name is, so is he; Nabal is his name, and folly is with him: but I thine handmaid saw not the young men of my lord, whom thou didst send.
26 Now therefore, my lord, as the Lord liveth, and as thy soul liveth, seeing the Lord hath withholden thee from coming to shed blood, and from avenging thyself with thine own hand, now let thine enemies, and they that seek evil to my lord, be as Nabal.
27 And now this blessing which thine handmaid hath brought unto my lord, let it even be given unto the young men that follow my lord.
28 I pray thee, forgive the trespass of thine handmaid: for the Lord will certainly make my lord a sure house; because my lord fighteth the battles of the Lord, and evil hath not been found in thee all thy days.
29 Yet a man is risen to pursue thee, and to seek thy soul: but the soul of my lord shall be bound in the bundle of life with the Lord thy God; and the souls of thine enemies, them shall he sling out, as out of the middle of a sling.
30 And it shall come to pass, when the Lord shall have done to my lord according to all the good that he hath spoken concerning thee, and shall have appointed thee ruler over Israel;
31 That this shall be no grief unto thee, nor offence of heart unto my lord, either that thou hast shed blood causeless, or that my lord hath avenged himself: but when the Lord shall have dealt well with my lord, then remember thine handmaid.

David was deeply touched by the wisdom and integrity of this dear woman and because of her caring and compassion his anger was diminished and her family was saved.

                 1. What New testament type, pattern, and shadow does Abigail represent?
                 2.  What  New testament type, shadow and pattern does David represent?

                 3.    What New testament  type, shadow and pattern does Nabal represent?

  How can we as Christians benefit from Abigail's example?

Use the comments section to give your answer and we will discuss the answer in our next post.

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